The study of clinical profile and angiography treatment shows patterns of patients whose age is less than 30 years who had dispensed with acute myocardial infarction or say heart attack at Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology (SCTIMST).
30% mortality within 10 years and a enormous 48% in 20 years has reported between 1978 and 2017. The high mortality rate in this small group of young coronary artery disease (CAD) patients, which is much higher than the mortality rate among older patients, is a matter of grave concern.
The study is shown in the latest issue of the Indian Journal of Medical Research and are categorized in the followings-
· Adaptable risk factors :
“This is the most important group of patients whose Illness can be greatly preventable through the moderation of the risk factors. One of the most important factor which contributed the high mortality in this age group was late awarding at the hospital, with 38% patients happen to the hospital after the window time for primary interference such as angioplasty. The delay in providing the medical care led to poor resultant . Their should be more awareness in the group regarding the possibility of cardiac events transpire in the young ages also the medical attention should not be delayed,” S. Harikrishnan, Professor of Cardiology, SCTIMST, said.
- Between 1978-2017 , the 40-year period , 271 patients less than 30 years of age outstretched the department of Cardiology at the SCTIMST with the diagnosis of CAD. Other than these 159 patients go through coronary angiography.
The Habits which are continued
The total no. of 82% of those patients dispensed to the hospital with acute myocardial infarction, it was found that the 34% of patients continued to the smoking even after their first cardiac event while the other 17% continued their alcohol habits in the long term .More than the half of patients remain physically slothful , and 79% had insufficient intake of fruits and vegetables at the long-term follow up.
The symptoms we don’t need to ignore
“The study results point to the need for heightened efforts for preventive strategies in the community. There needs to be more awareness in the community of the possibility of CAD in this very young age group. The important message is that chest pain or atypical symptoms of CAD in youngsters should not be ignored as early medical intervention can give much better outcomes,” Arun Gopalakrishnan, Assistant Professor of Cardiology, SCTIMST.
With Inputs from The Hindu