India News: India slips down 28 spots down to 140th rank out of 156 in Global Gender Gap Index, becoming the third worst-performing nation in the category shown by the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap report 2021. In 2020, India ranked 112th out of 153 countries back then, until now India has closed 62.5% of all existing gender gaps in the country.
In the South Asian region, India falls behind Bangladesh at 65th rank, Nepal at 104th rank, Sri Lanka at 116th rank and Bhutan at 130th rank, while just standing before Pakistan at 153rd and Afghanistan at 156th ranks. As per the report, India is the third-worst performer in the South Asian region just behind Afghanistan and Pakistan.
The fall in global gender gap rankings is driven largely by the fall in women’s political participation in India which fell by 13.5% this year. Women represent only 26.1% of parliament seats. The share of women ministers in India’s politics fell from 23.1% in 2019 to just 9% in 2020. But still hold 51st rank in global participation of women in politics.
In the political level, Bangladesh seems to be the only country where more women have held head-of-state positions in 50 years than any other countries. Participation of women in labour force also went down from 24.8% in 2019 to 22.3%. The participation of women in professional and technical roles fell to 29.2%.
Click here to download and view the Global Gender Gap Report 2021
Further, the participation of women in senior managerial levels is only 14.6% and only 8.9% of firms in India have top female managers. The income of women in India is just 1/5th of what men earn. Another major index, where India lags behind is the Health and Survival Index despite closing 93.7% of gaps, India remains in one of the worst performers.
The report states that India and China are the worst in the Health and Survival Index, as gender-based, sex-selective practices are still common in the societies of both the nations. In terms of illiteracy rates, 34.2% of women are still illiterate while only 17.6% men are still illiterate. India’s gender gaps widened from 66.8% to 62.8% this year.
Having a significant population of women with 0.65 billion in the South Asian region, the performance of India very largely matters to the rankings of South Asia in the index. The report states that within a same region, a wide gulf of gender gap exists between Afghanistan (44.4%) and Bangladesh (71.9%).
The time gap for South Asia to close its gender gap has just risen from 99.5 years to 135.6 years, while for Europe it is at 51.2 years. Iceland for the 12th time has maintained its 1st spot in the rankings. Finland, Norway, New Zealand, Rwanda, Sweden, Ireland and Switzerland maintain the subsequent spots in top 10 list.